Doping is antithetical to the fundamental spirit of sport. Beyond being detrimental to an athlete's health, doping greatly damages the image, integrity and value of sport.

All stakeholders - including athletes, coaches and parents - should thoroughly understand the anti-doping process.

Anti-Doping in Canada

The Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES) oversees the Canadian Anti-Doping Program (CADP), which are the set of rules that govern anti-doping in Canada. The CADP is a comprehensive program that ensures the accountability and transparancy of all components of anti-doping, such as education, sample collection, result management and medical exemptions.

The CADP is compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code all international standards.

What is Doping?

Doping is defined as the occurence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:

  • Presence of a prohibited substance of an athlete's sample
  • Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
  • Refusing to submit to sample collection after being notified
  • Failure to file athlete whereabouts information and missed tests
  • Tampering with any part of the doping control process
  • Possession of a prohibited substance or method
  • Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
  • Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
  • Complicity in an anti-doping rule violation
  • Prohibited association with a sanctioned athlete support personnel


List of Prohibited Substances and Methods:

  • Is separated into categories of substance (e.g., steroids, stimulants, gene doping).
  • Identifies which substances are prohibited in-competition and/or out-of-competition.
  • Identifies which substances are prohibited in particular sports.
  • Distinguishes between specified and non-specified substances.

List of Prohibited Substances and Methods:

      Strict Liability:

Athletes should be aware of the principle of strict liability in the anti-doping process.

Strict liability means that each athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in his or her bodily specimen, and that an anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance (or its metabolites or markers) is found in bodily specimen, whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault. For more, see the following:


Certain prescription and over-the-counter medications are prohibited in sport. Medications can be prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, or in particular sports. 

It is imperative to check the status of any medication to ensure that it won’t result in a positive test. This can be done by the following:

  • The Global DRO provides athletes and support personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific substances based on the current WADA Prohibited List. It is an on-line database.
  • Email CCES at or call1-800-672-7775.

The use of any prohibited substance by an athlete for medical reasons is possible by virtue of a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE):


Athletes should be aware of the potential risk of contaminated suppliments, herbal remedies and drinks. They can contain banned substances, including stimulants, diuretics and steroids.

Doping Control Process:

During the doping control process, athletes have rights and responsibilities: Athletes' rights and responsibilities - CCES


Sanctions for violating anti-doping regulations may range from a reprimand to a lifetime ban. The period of ineligibility may vary depending on the type of anti-doping violation, the circumstances of an individual case, the substance and the possible repetition of an anti-doping rule violation.

Additional Resources:


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