Doping is antithetical to the fundamental spirit of sport. Beyond being detrimental to an athlete's health, doping greatly damages the image, integrity and value of sport.
All stakeholders - including athletes, coaches and parents - should thoroughly understand the anti-doping process.
Anti-Doping in Canada
The Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES) oversees the Canadian Anti-Doping Program (CADP), which are the set of rules that govern anti-doping in Canada. The CADP is a comprehensive program that ensures the accountability and transparancy of all components of anti-doping, such as education, sample collection, result management and medical exemptions.
The CADP is compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code all international standards.
What is Doping?
Doping is defined as the occurence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:
- Presence of a prohibited substance of an athlete's sample
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
- Refusing to submit to sample collection after being notified
- Failure to file athlete whereabouts information and missed tests
- Tampering with any part of the doping control process
- Possession of a prohibited substance or method
- Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
- Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
- Complicity in an anti-doping rule violation
- Prohibited association with a sanctioned athlete support personnel
List of Prohibited Substances and Methods:
- Is separated into categories of substance (e.g., steroids, stimulants, gene doping).
- Identifies which substances are prohibited in-competition and/or out-of-competition.
- Identifies which substances are prohibited in particular sports.
- Distinguishes between specified and non-specified substances.
List of Prohibited Substances and Methods: http://list.wada-ama.org/
Athletes should be aware of the principle of strict liability in the anti-doping process.
Strict liability means that each athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in his or her bodily specimen, and that an anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance (or its metabolites or markers) is found in bodily specimen, whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault. For more, see the following: https://www.wada-ama.org/en/questions-answers/strict-liability-in-anti-doping.
Certain prescription and over-the-counter medications are prohibited in sport. Medications can be prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, or in particular sports.
It is imperative to check the status of any medication to ensure that it won’t result in a positive test. This can be done by the following:
- The Global DRO provides athletes and support personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific substances based on the current WADA Prohibited List. It is an on-line database.
- Email CCES at Substances@cces.ca or call1-800-672-7775.
The use of any prohibited substance by an athlete for medical reasons is possible by virtue of a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE): http://cces.ca/medical-exemptions.
Athletes should be aware of the potential risk of contaminated suppliments, herbal remedies and drinks. They can contain banned substances, including stimulants, diuretics and steroids.
- The Canadian Sport Institute Pacific's Sport Supplement Policy: http://www.csipacific.ca/wp-content/uploads/CSI-Pacific-Supplement-Policy-160114.pdf
Doping Control Process:
During the doping control process, athletes have rights and responsibilities: Athletes' rights and responsibilities - CCES
Sanctions for violating anti-doping regulations may range from a reprimand to a lifetime ban. The period of ineligibility may vary depending on the type of anti-doping violation, the circumstances of an individual case, the substance and the possible repetition of an anti-doping rule violation.
- CCES Athletes Zone: http://cces.ca/athletezone
- Important facts and highlights from WADA's Athlete's Guide: https://wada-main-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/wada_anti-doping_aag_eng_web.pdf
- True Sport Movement: http://truesportpur.ca/
- Test your knowledge of the anti-doping process: WADA's Play True Quiz
- Coach's Tool kit (WADA): https://www.wada-ama.org/en/resources/education-and-awareness/coachs-tool-kit